How to use VLOOKUP in Excel VBA: Step-by-Step (2024)

Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) has many built-in functions that help you work with spreadsheet data.

But “normal” Excel is the undisputed king when it comes to useful functions.

Fortunately, you can use worksheet functions to take advantage of that power when you’re writing macros in VBA.

First, you learn the differences between VBA functions and worksheet functions.

Then I show you how to use a worksheet function in VBA – the VLOOKUP!

Let’s dive in 🤿

Oh, and download the sample workbook here to tag along with this guide.

VBA functions vs. worksheet functions

VBA functions are built into Visual Basic for Applications, the scripting language that you use to create macros.

You can use VBA functions in any program that supports VBA (including Microsoft Word and Access).

Worksheet functions are specific to Excel. They’re the functions that you’re used to using in spreadsheets already—things like SUMIF, IF, and VLOOKUP.

You could get the same information from VBA without using worksheet functions—but in many cases, you’d have to write a lot of code that’s already been worked out in Excel.

Kasper Langmann, Microsoft Office Specialist

Using worksheet functions saves you time overwriting your own functions in VBA.

To call a worksheet function, you’ll need to use the following syntax:

Application.WorksheetFunction.[function name]

Let’s walk through an example of a very useful function that isn’t present in VBA: the VLOOKUP function.

Using the VLOOKUP function in VBA

We’ll use a simple VLOOKUP formula example to see how worksheet functions can be called in VBA.

VLOOKUP is a very powerful function that’s great for finding information in big spreadsheets.

If you don’t remember, here’s what it does 🧠

VLOOKUP searches for a lookup value in a specified dataset. If it finds it, it returns a corresponding value from the same row.

Unfortunately, it’s not built into VBA. So we’ll have to call it with a worksheet function.

If you’re not familiar with the function, check out our full guide to VLOOKUP, which will walk you through it in detail.

Kasper Langmann, Microsoft Office Specialist

Open the example workbook to follow along. It contains a list of product numbers and descriptions. We’ll use VBA code to look up descriptions based on product numbers.

Here’s the VBA code we’ll use:

Sub findProduct()
 Dim prodNum As Integer, prodDesc As String
 prodNum = Range("F2").Value
 prodDesc = Application.WorksheetFunction.VLookup(prodNum, 
Range("A1:B51"), 2, FALSE)
 MsgBox prodDesc
End Sub

The first two lines of the script are simple; they declare prodNum as an integer variable and prodDesc as a String variable, then assign the value in cell F2 to prodNum.

F2 is the cell where we’ll ask users to input a product number.

Kasper Langmann, Microsoft Office Specialist

The VBA VLOOKUP code is actually quite simple.

To use any Excel function in VBA, type “Application.WorksheetFunction.” and start typing the name of the function.

In this case, it’s “VLOOKUP”.

You’ll see it come up in the resulting list (you can also just type the name of the function you’re looking for).

excel vba vlookup worksheet function code autosuggest

Then you’ll need to include the standard arguments. In the VLOOKUP function, those are:

  • lookup_number
  • table_array
  • col_index_num
  • and range_lookup

You enter them similarly to how you would in Excel (if you’ve forgotten how to do that, read my guide here).

But there are a few differences ⚠️

In our case, lookup_number is the variable prodNum, which is similar to selecting a cell in Excel.

The table_array, however, needs to be presented in a format that VBA can handle. Here we’ve used Range(“A1:B51”), which selects the cells in A1:B51.

It’s important to remember that you can’t just type “A1:B51”, as VBA won’t recognize the range

col_index_num and range_lookup are the same as in Excel. We’re looking in the second column and want an exact match for the product number, so we’ll use 2 and FALSE.

So, use the below code to create a VBA VLOOKUP.

Application.WorksheetFunction.VLookup(prodNum, Range("A1:B51"), 2, FALSE)

Obviously, in those rare cases where you’ll actually need it, you can use approximate match in the 4th VBA VLOOKUP argument.

Kasper Langmann, Microsoft Office Specialist

Make sure that there’s a product number (the lookup value) in F2:

excel vba vlookup excel sheet example - with exact match

Then run the macro:

Excel vba vlookup results when the macro runs (exact match) in the excel sheet

VBA displays a message box with the matching product description for our product number.

This would be a great place to link a button to run a macro! Users would just have to enter the product number and click a button.

Kasper Langmann, Microsoft Office Specialist

Why use worksheet functions in VBA?

This is more complicated than just using the function in Excel, so why would you write an Excel VBA macro for a VLOOKUP function?

Any function that’s present in Excel is going to be slightly more complicated to use in VBA code. But having access to them gives you the option of very powerful automation.

For example, if you wanted to run multiple VLOOKUPs and have the results put in a table, you might find that you need to manually create each VLOOKUP in Excel ⚙️

Or you could write Excel VBA code with the VBA VLOOKUP function that automates the process and saves you time. Even if it is possible to use functions in Excel, it will likely be much more efficient in VBA. You can also save the script and run it on other spreadsheets.

Remember that you can use almost any Excel function from within VBA. Just type “Application.WorksheetFunction.” and you’ll see options in the VBA window.

You can also call these functions with Application.[function name].

But when you’re getting started, use the full line with “WorksheetFunction.”

Kasper Langmann, Microsoft Office Specialist

That’s it – Now what?

Well done learning VLOOKUP in VBA. It wasn’t so hard, was it? 🤞

Once you’ve learned to use Excel’s worksheet functions from within Excel VBA, you’re ready to start writing some very powerful VBA code.

Although it’s useful, the VBA VLOOKUP code is just a tiny part of VBA.

If you want to dive deeper into Excel VBA and see some practical examples, enroll in my free 30-minute VBA training course here.

Other resources

If you’re a little rusty on the arguments of the VLOOKUP function: exact or approximate match, the lookup value, the column index number, or the table array – you might want to read up on it here.

Frequently asked questions

Yes, you can use the VBA VLOOKUP code here:

Application.WorksheetFunction.VLookup(prodNum, Range(“A1:B51”), 2, FALSE)

Beware you can actually use the VLOOKUP in VBA. Its syntax is used a tiny bit differently than when you use the worksheet version – but it’s not much.

If you really don’t want to use VBA VLOOKUP, you can use VBA INDEX MATCH instead.