How to Quickly Master Debugging in VBA in Just 3 Minutes (Excel)

Written by Kasper Langmann

Debugging in Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is a crucial skill for anyone who wants to develop applications in Excel. Debugging allows you to identify and correct errors in your code, making it more efficient and reliable. In this guide, we will explore how you can quickly master this skill in just three minutes.

Understanding Debugging in VBA

Before we delve into the specifics of debugging, it’s important to understand what it entails. Debugging in VBA involves identifying and removing errors from your code. These errors, also known as bugs, can cause your program to behave unexpectedly or even crash. By debugging your code, you can ensure that it runs smoothly and performs as expected.

There are several types of errors that you might encounter when writing VBA code. Syntax errors occur when the structure of your code doesn’t adhere to the rules of the VBA language. Runtime errors occur when your code is running, and logical errors occur when your code doesn’t produce the expected results. Debugging can help you identify and fix all these types of errors.

The Debugging Tools in VBA

VBA provides several tools that can aid in debugging. These include the Immediate Window, the Locals Window, the Watch Window, and the Call Stack. Each of these tools serves a unique purpose and can be invaluable in the debugging process.

The Immediate Window allows you to test snippets of code on the fly. You can use it to check the value of a variable or to execute a function. The Locals Window displays the value of all variables that are currently in scope. This can be particularly useful for identifying errors related to variable values.

The Watch Window and Call Stack

The Watch Window allows you to monitor the value of a specific variable or expression. Whenever the value changes, the Watch Window will update to reflect the new value. This can be especially useful for tracking variables that are causing errors in your code.

The Call Stack, on the other hand, shows you the sequence of procedure calls that led to the current point in your code. This can help you trace the flow of your program and identify where an error occurred.

How to Debug VBA Code

Now that we’ve covered the basics of debugging and the tools available in VBA, let’s look at how you can actually debug your code. The process typically involves four steps: setting breakpoints, stepping through your code, inspecting variables, and fixing the errors.

Setting Breakpoints

Breakpoints are points in your code where execution will pause. This allows you to inspect the state of your program at specific points in time. To set a breakpoint, you simply click in the left margin next to the line of code where you want the breakpoint to be.

Once a breakpoint is set, your code will stop executing at that point. You can then use the debugging tools to inspect the state of your program and identify any errors.

Stepping Through Your Code

Once your code is paused at a breakpoint, you can step through it line by line. This allows you to see exactly what your code is doing and identify any lines of code that are causing errors. You can step through your code using the Step Into, Step Over, and Step Out commands.

Step Into will execute the next line of code and then pause. If the line of code is a call to a procedure, Step Into will enter the procedure and pause at the first line. Step Over will also execute the next line of code, but if the line is a call to a procedure, it will execute the entire procedure and then pause. Step Out will continue executing until it exits the current procedure.

Inspecting Variables

As you step through your code, you’ll likely want to inspect the values of your variables. This can help you identify any variables that are causing errors. You can inspect variables using the Immediate Window, the Locals Window, or the Watch Window.

To inspect a variable in the Immediate Window, you can type a question mark followed by the name of the variable. The value of the variable will then be displayed in the window. In the Locals Window, you can see the value of all variables that are currently in scope. And in the Watch Window, you can monitor the value of a specific variable or expression.

Fixing the Errors

Once you’ve identified the errors in your code, the final step is to fix them. This might involve correcting a syntax error, changing the value of a variable, or modifying the logic of your code. Once you’ve made the necessary changes, you can continue executing your code to see if the error has been resolved.


Debugging is an essential skill for any VBA developer. By understanding the debugging process and the tools available in VBA, you can quickly identify and fix errors in your code. This will not only make your code more reliable, but it will also make you a more efficient and effective developer.

So why wait? Start practicing your debugging skills today and see how much you can improve your VBA development in just three minutes!